Image courtesy of Zeeco, Inc.® – all rights reserved.
Steam-assisted flare design utilizes steam for efficient air/waste gas mixing and turbulence which provides smokeless flaring while maintaining the desired combustion efficiency.
An industrial flare performance was done on steam-assisted flares organized by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, working through the University of Texas.
The steam-assisted flare operated with a 36” diameter flare tip. This flare tip has an upper ring for injecting steam around the perimeter of the tip as showed in Figure 2.
A series of tests was performed on the above steam-assisted flare to explore the destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) for different Combustion ZoneThe area of the flare flame where the gas and vapours found just after a flare tip combine for combustion. Elevated Flare definitions and calculation methods from 40 CFR 63… Gas Net Heating Values (CZG NHVs) and flaring rates.
Figure 3 shows observed DRE as a function of CZG NHVs. DRE was high (typically > 95%) for CZG NHVs above 250 BTU/scf. Below this value, DRE and combustion efficiency fell off rapidly. The scatter in the DRE values reported in Figure 3 is due to variety of factors such as inherent variability in the flare operation, uncertainty in measurements, and differences in ambient conditions.
Maintaining effective cobustion efficiency and destruction efficiency are key to minimising methane from flaring. This can be achieved through improving the mixing of flare gas and air to enable complete combustion and/or by only lighting the flare when required using ignition and pilot-light systems that avoid the risk of venting.